Low vision means that even with regular glasses, contact lenses, medicine, or
surgery people find it hard to see things clearly and everyday tasks difficult
to carry out. Many people who have low vision would describe their vision loss
more as “poor eyesight” or “poor vision”.
Irreversible vision loss is most
common among people over the age of 65. Low vision can range from a partial
loss of vision such as blind spots to being registered as blind/severely sight
impaired or partially sighted/sight impaired.
Some normal changes in our eyes and vision occur as we get older:
Most people develop low vision because of eye diseases and health conditions like macular degeneration, cataract, glaucoma, and diabetes or as a result of an eye injury. While vision that is lost usually cannot be restored, many people can make the most of the vision they have.
A person with low vision may experience one or more of the following:
It is important to visit your optometrist or GP if you notice any changes in your vision as they will be able to tell the difference between normal changes in the aging eye and those caused by eye diseases. They will then be able to advise you of the best course of action to help your vision.
A person with cataracts may find their vision hazy and see
can cause vision to be blurred or partially obscured in the centre and can
result in a person seeing
Distorted or blurred vision from diabetic retinopathy could mean a person sees
Vision is reduced in the periphery or outer part and is poor at night due to
glaucoma and a person sees
or retinitis pigmentosa
which may be seen as
Glaucoma can also affect central vision in the latter stages of the